Internet dating and human trafficking
Although human trafficking can occur at local levels, it has transnational implications, as recognized by the United Nations in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (also referred to as the Trafficking Protocol or the Palermo Protocol), an international agreement under the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (CTOC) which entered into force on 25 December 2003.The protocol is one of three which supplement the CTOC.
One of its purposes is to facilitate international cooperation in investigating and prosecuting such trafficking.Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally.Human trafficking is a crime against the person because of the violation of the victim's rights of movement through coercion and because of their commercial exploitation.Human trafficking is the trade in people, and does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another.Human trafficking generated an estimated $7 billion to $9.5 billion per annum as of 2004.Another is to protect and assist human trafficking's victims with full respect for their rights as established in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The Trafficking Protocol, which now has 169 parties, (a) [...] the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.
Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal, manipulation or implantation of organs; (b) The consent of a victim of trafficking in persons to the intended exploitation set forth in sub-paragraph (a) of this article shall be irrelevant where any of the means set forth in subparagraph (a) have been used; (c) The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation shall be considered "trafficking in persons" even if this does not involve any of the means set forth in sub-paragraph (a) of this article; (d) "Child" shall mean any person under eighteen years of age.
The average cost of a human trafficking victim today is USD $90,000 which, in comparison to the Southern American slave trade in the 1800s is significantly less.
The average slave in 1800 America was the equivalent to USD $40,000.
Human trafficking differs from people smuggling, which involves a person voluntarily requesting or hiring another individual to covertly transport them across an international border, usually because the smuggled person would be denied entry into a country by legal channels.
Though illegal, there may be no deception or coercion involved.