Konjikala was rebuilt because of its advantageous location on the Silk Road and it flourished until its destruction by Mongols in the 13th century.After that it survived as a small village until Russians took over in the 19th century.
Russia developed the area as it was close to the border of British-influenced Persia.It was regarded as a pleasant town with European style buildings, shops, and hotels.In 1908, the first Bahá'í House of Worship was built in Askhabat.It was badly damaged in the 1948 earthquake and finally demolished in 1963.From 1919 until 1927 the city was renamed Poltoratsk after a local revolutionary.The name in Persian means "city of love" or "city of devotion".
Some Turkmen scholars insist that the name goes back to the Parthian era, 3rd century BC, deriving from the name of the founder of the Parthian Empire, Arsaces I of Parthia, in Persian Ashk-Abad (the city of Ashk/Arsaces).
Located not far from the site of Nisa, the ancient capital of the Parthian Empire, it grew on the ruins of the Silk Road city of Konjikala, first mentioned as a wine-producing village in the 2nd century BC and leveled by an earthquake in the 1st century BC (a precursor of the 1948 Ashgabat earthquake).
) between 19, is the capital and the largest city of Turkmenistan in Central Asia, situated between the Karakum Desert and the Kopet Dag mountain range.
The Karakum Canal runs through the city, carrying waters from the Amu Darya from east to west.) in Persian.
Before 1991, the city was usually spelled Ashkhabad in English, a transliteration of the Russian form, which was itself from the original Persian form.
It has also been variously spelled Ashkhabat and Ashgabad.